The Influence of Maternal Emotions during Pregnancy on Fetal and Neonatal Behavior
Van den Bergh, B. R. H. The Influence of Maternal Emotions during Pregnancy on Fetal and Neonatal Behavior. Per and Peri-Natal Psychology Journal, Vol. 5 (2), 1990, 119-130.
This study was designed to examine: 1) whether the influence of maternal emotions on fetal behavior could be established using real-time ultrasound echography and cardiography; and 2) whether the prenatal influence was reflected in neonatal behavior. In a longitudinal study of 30 women out of a larger group of 70 nulliparous women revealed that maternal state anxiety during echographic recording was significantly correlated with fetal behavior. Moreover, fetal behavior was sensitive to the influence of material chronic anxiety during pregnancy. Results on the subgroup of 30 women and their babies suggest a certain degree of continuity between fetal and neonatal movement patterns, and further indicate that the prenatal influence is reflected in neonatal