Public Education

The Benefits of Prenatal Ultrasound
Extensive research has been performed on the use of ultrasound and has shown a great rise in the scope of benefits available through ultrasound, in many ways attributable to the development...
Ultrasound Safety
 Ultrasound has been used safely in obstetrics for over 35 years, encompassing three generations of women and millions of ultrasounds. Several studies have verified that it is a non-invasive tool with vast benefits.
Effects of Ultrasound on maternal-fetal bonding: 2D vs. 3D
D.H. Pretorius, K.M. Uyan, R. Neton, A. Hull, G. James & T. Nelson. 11th World Congress on Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. 12-28 October 2001. Melbourne, Australia. Objectives:...
Maternal Smoking Habit Modification Via Fetal Visualization
Pretorius, Dolores H. 1996 "Maternal smoking habit modification via fetal visualization." University of California tobacco related disease research program. Annual report to the California State Legislature.
Effects of repeated prenatal ultrasound examinations on childhood outcome up to 8 years of age
John P Newnham, Dorota A Doherty, Garth E Kendall, Stephen R Zubrick, Louis L Landau, Fiona J Stanley .  Lancet 2004; 364: 2038-44Backgound :  Despite the widespread use of prenatal...
Psychological effects of ultrasound examinations: changes of body perception and child image in pregnancy
Langer M, Ringler M & Reinold E. Psychological effects of ultrasound examinations: Changes on body perception and child image in pregnancy. J. Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol, 1988; 199-208. Ultrasound...
The Pyschological Impact of Diagnostic Ultrasound
Cox DN, Wittmann, BK, Hess, M, Ross, AG, Lind, J, Lindahl, S. The psychological impact of diagnostic ultrasound. Obstet Gynecol 1987; Vol 70 (5): 673-6. The psychological impact of ultrasound...
Psychological Reactions to Ultrasound Examinations during Pregnancy
Michelacci L et al. Psychological Reactions to Ultrasound. Examination during Pregnancy. Psychother Psychosom 1998, Vol 50, pp. 1-4. Twenty women underwent ultrasound examination three times during low-risk pregnancy.
The Impact of Fetus Visualization on Parents' Psychological Reactions
Kovacevic, M. Impact of Fetus Visualization on Parents' Psychological Reactions. Per- and Perinatal Psychology Journal, Vol. 8 (2), 1993, 83-94 The intention of this study was to examine...
The importance of ultrasound to first-time mothers' thoughts about their unborn child
K. Dykes, K. Stjernqvist. The importance of ultrasound to first-time mothers' thoughts about their unborn child. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, Vol. 19 (2), 95-104. The aim...
Maternal Stress and Fetal Motor Behavior: A Preliminary Report
Rossi, Nicolino, Avveduti, Paola, Rizzo, Nicolo, & Lorusso, Raffaele. Maternal Stress and Fetal Motor Behavior: A Preliminary Report. Per and Peri-Natal Psychology Journal Vol. 3 (4), 1989, 311-318.
Short-Term Impact of Fetal Imaging on Paternal Stress and Anxiety
Brown GF. Short-term impact of fetal imaging on parental stress and anxiety. Per and Peri-Natal Psychology Journal, 1988, Vol. 3, pp. 24-40. This study compared the stress and anxiety responses...
The Influence of Maternal Emotions during Pregnancy on Fetal and Neonatal Behavior
Van den Bergh, B. R. H. The Influence of Maternal Emotions during Pregnancy on Fetal and Neonatal Behavior. Per and Peri-Natal Psychology Journal, Vol. 5 (2), 1990, 119-130. This study was...
Three-dimensional ultrasound experience in obstetrics.
Timor-Tritsch IE, Platt LD. Three-dimensional ultrasound experience in obstetrics . Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016, USA.
An interview study of pregnant women's attitudes to ultrasound scanning.
Hyde B. An interview study of pregnant women's attitudes to ultrasound scanning. Soc Sci Med. 1986;22(5):587-92 404 pregnant women were interviewed, in the ante-natal clinics of two hospitals,...
Psychological aspects of ultrasound imaging during pregnancy.
Villeneuve C, Laroche C, Lippman A, Marrache M. Psychological aspects of ultrasound imaging during pregnancy. Can J Psychiatry. 1988 Aug;33(6):530-6. The psychological impact of ultrasound...
Effects of routine one-stage ultrasound screening in pregnancy: a randomised controlled trial.
Waldenstrom U, Axelsson O, Nilsson S, Eklund G, Fall O, Lindeberg S, Sjodin Y. Effects of routine one-stage ultrasound screening in pregnancy: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 1988 Sep...
A controlled, prospective evaluation of the acceptability of ultrasound in prenatal care
Reading AE, Cox DN, Campbell S. A controlled prospective evaluation of the acceptability of ultrasound in prenatal care. J Psychosom Obstet Gynecol 1988; 8: 191-8 The psychological reactions...
Effects of ultrasound feedback on pregnancy anxiety, fetal activity, and neonatal outcome
T Field, D Sandberg, TA Quetel, R Garcia, and M Rosario. Effects of ultrasound feedback on pregnancy anxiety, fetal activity, and neonatal outcome. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 1985; 4: 525-528.
Seeing the Baby: The Impact of Ultrasound Technology
Black RB. Seeing the baby. The impact of ultrasound technology. J. Genet Counsel 1:45, 1992. This paper reports results of a study of prenatal diagnosis patients who underwent ultrasound examinations...